Two-thirds of central government ministries have not implemented more than 50 percent of "assurances" given to parliament, even as the government completes two years in office on May 26, according to data from the Lok Sabha.
IndiaSpend had previously reported that 80 percent of the assurances given to the 16th Lok Sabha (2014-19 were pending; that is now down to 58 percent in 2016.
Assurances-promises made by government to parliament do not expire
The government replies to 250 questions every day from members of parliament (MPs) during a parliamentary session.
While replying to questions in the house or during discussions on bills, resolutions and the like, ministers give assurances, undertakings or promises to consider an issue, take action or provide information later.
These assurances, compiled by the ministry of parliamentary affairs and the Lok Sabha secretariat, are sent to the Parliamentary Committee on Government Assurances.
The committee must ensure assurances are implemented within three months. Secretaries of ministries are supposed to review assurances to parliament every week or fortnight.
When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, assurances pass on to the next government.
PMO made one assurance in 2014 and has not yet kept it
Eight ministries have not acted on 80 perccent of assurances to parliament; three ministries have implemented more than 75 percent of the assurances given.
The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) gave one assurance that it would release reports of performance and evaluation system of ministries for 2013-14 to the 16th Lok Sabha - and has not fulfilled it since 2014.
Despite assurances from the PMO that the system has been approved and evaluation reports of ministries would be released, that has not happened for 2013-14.
Not far behind are the ministries of social justice and empowerment, minority affairs, and road transport and highways with 83 percent, 82 percent and 75 percent assurances pending.
As many as 58 percent of assurances made to parliament by the home ministry - which requested that two assurances be dropped - are pending.
One of the dropped assurance concerns the establishment Coastal Police Stations, a fallout of the 26/11 terror attacks on Mumbai. In August 2014, the home ministry said it was implementing phase II of the coastal-security scheme. In November 2015, it requested deletion of the assurance.
A pending home ministry assurance since 2014 concerns the creation of criteria to select a language for "official" status in the Eight Schedule of the constitution. As many as 38 languages are awaiting the home ministry's clearance to join the list of 22 official languages.
Here are some other assurances pending/dropped by the ministries:
* India has emerged as a favourable destination for surrogacy, and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) industry has evolved into a Rs 2,500-crore ($365 million) business annually. The health ministry acknowledged that there could be surrogate pregnancies, including in rural and tribal areas, that result from exploitation of women. The government's assurance of a law to regulate surrogacy in India is pending since 2014.
* India's tardy implementation of power projects has led to frequent cost escalations. When asked by a MP if nuclear projects were getting enough money to be finished on time, the government said on December 10, 2014 that "all efforts are being made to complete and commission the projects within the approved time frame". However, this assurance was dropped in February 2016, according to the Lok Sabha website.
Law ministry makes most assurances, fulfils 27 percent
The ministry of law and justice tops the charts with 146 assurances during the 16th Lok Sabha, fulfilling 27 percent by May 12, 2016.
The ministry of communication and information technology gave 129 assurances and implemented 40 percent; the ministry of finance 121, implementing 57.9 percent; the ministry of human resource development 113 assurances, implementing 35 percent; the ministry of railways 107, implementing 44 percent.
The committee on government assurances has reprimanded the government in its reports for several assurances being pending for years, some for almost a decade. "Seventeen assurances from the ministry of human resource development are pending for implementation, in fact, the first two assurances are pending for nearly a decade," the report said.
# In arrangement with IndiaSpend.org, a data-driven, non-profit, public interest journalism platform. Akshay Agarwal & Prateek Sibal were fellows (2015-16) at PRS Legislative Research. The views expressed are those of IndiaSpend. The authors can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org